Posted in "patterns"

Decorators with Python

decorator patterns python

Decorators in python can be quite easy to use and understand, but flexible decorators using the new syntax introduced by python 2.4 can be a bit more complex.

Here I'll try to explain (especially to myself) the world of decorators in python, starting from simple cases and ending with complex ones. Ideas and notions taken from the Pro Django book by Marty Alchin.

Decorators without extra arguments

Let's create a simple cache decorator you can use to store complex operations:

>>> def cache(func):
...   cache_dict = {}
...   def wrapper(*args, **kwargs):
...     key = '%s-%s' % (repr(args), repr(kwargs))
...     if key not in cache_dict:
...       cache_dict[key] = func(*args, **kwargs)
...       print 'cached'
...     return cache_dict[key]
...   return wrapper

A simple decorator function takes ...

read the full post

Singleton, the PHP way

patterns php programming singleton

I realized that even if the great part of my work consists in programming PHP stuff, I rarely write about PHP in my posts, maybe because I really don't like it?

But today I'll write about a way to implement the singleton pattern with PHP.

This is quite an easy job making use of PHP 5.3.0, thanks to the "Late Static Binding" feature. In particular we'll use the get_called_class method and the static keyword. Notice that ...

read the full post

Private static and instance members in mootools classes

javascript mootools patterns programming

Let's see two patterns that may be used to have private members in mootools classes.

Private static members

Here is quite simple, it's enough to use a single execution function and js closures and provide the setter and getter methods to change and retrieve the member's values.

var myclass = (function() {
  var _name = null,
      _age = null;
  return new Class({
    initialize: function() {
      // do some stuffs
    setName: function(name) {
      // do some checks here
      _name = name;
    setAge: function(age) {
      // do some checks here
      _age = age.toInt();
    getName: function() {
      return _name;
    getAge: function() {
      return _age;
var myinstance = new myclass();
console.log(myinstance.name); // undefined
console.log(myinstance.name); // undefined
console.log(myinstance.getName()); // jack

So what happens here is that the two variables

_name and _age

are in the scope of the single execution function, and so not accessible from outside. But their value is retained by the returned object which yes can access them since it is ...

read the full post

  • 1

Your Smartwatch Loves Tasker!

Your Smartwatch Loves Tasker!

Now available for purchase!